A look at some of the most significant events that took place in 1970, including the release of the Beatles’ final album and the U.S. invasion of Cambodia.
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The 1970s were a decade of political turmoil and economic stress. In some ways, the decade was a continuation of the 1960s. The antiwar and civil rights movements continued to grow, and tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union continued to rise. At the same time, however, the 1970s were marked by some significant changes. The United States withdrawal from Vietnam signaled an end to American involvement in foreign wars, while domestic issues such as Watergate and inflation brought an end to many of the optimistic attitudes of the previous decade.
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US troops invade Cambodia
On April 30, 1970, the United States troops invades Cambodia in an attempt to destroy North Vietnamese Army base areas located there. The invasion quickly escalates into a full-scale war involving large numbers of U.S. and South Vietnamese troops, as well as Cambodian forces. Despite initial successes, the Cambodian campaign eventually falters and by the end of 1970 most U.S. troops have withdrawn from the country.
The Kent State shootings
The Kent State shootings occurred on May 4, 1970, at Kent State University in the city of Kent, Ohio, and involved the killing of four unarmed college students by members of the Ohio National Guard. The incident took place during a time of great political turmoil in the United States, as the country was reeling from the effect of the Vietnam War. The shootings sparked nationwide protests and led to a re-evaluation of how colleges and universities should respond to student protests.
The first Earth Day
On April 22, 1970, the first Earth Day was celebrated by millions of Americans. The event was organized by Gaylord Nelson, a United States Senator from Wisconsin. He wanted to raise awareness of the importance of environmental protection. Earth Day is now celebrated every year on April 22nd.
The Beatles break up
One of the most famous and successful rock bands of all time, The Beatles, broke up in 1970. The Fab Four – John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr – had dominated the music charts throughout the 1960s with hits like “I Want To Hold Your Hand,” “A Hard Day’s Night,” “Help!” and “Yesterday.” But by 1970, the group was struggling with personal tensions and creative differences, leading to their decision to go their separate ways. The Beatles’ break-up was a huge blow to their millions of fans around the world, and it signaled the end of an era in popular music.
The end of the 1960s was a time of great turbulence and change, and 1970 was no different. The year saw the beginning of a new decade, the end of an American president’s term, and some of the most significant momentous events in recent history. Here are 10 things that happened in 1970 that shaped the world we live in today.